Test Automation Framework Guide – All You Need to Know

Test automation means the use of tools apart from the actual software being evaluated to control and monitor the completion of specific tests and their comparison with expected results. These tools can be

  • Web-based
  • Desktop
  • Console
  • Memory-based

Web-based tools are generally used in big organizations while desktop test automation tools are used frequently by medium-sized and small companies. However, there is another type of test automation

From preparing and platform collection to developing and maintaining a test automation system, automatic test data preparation, creating and maintaining all kinds of automated software scripts, and more, Automation software testing services include a broad range of monitoring and around-testing elements.

What is Test Automation?

Automated control over a number of industrial processes is referred to as automation. It means that little to no human involvement occurs. When we talk of test automation in the IT world, we’re talking about running experiments on apps using various automation software to see how they respond to different behaviours.

Test Automation

Both open-source and approved software is available. When the software is launched, several people may use it to conduct a variety of activities. Automating well-documented or expected user behaviour to ensure that the program performs as intended is known as test automation.

What is a Test Automation Framework concept?

A test automation system is a series of standards and rules designed to help test automation be more reliable and accurate. A platform is a set of test tools and practices that QA specialists may use to test more effectively.

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Every efficient automated testing process necessitates the use of test automation frameworks. A platform enables testers with little experience to manage complex research across shorter production times. Components of frameworks include the following:

  • Standards for coding
  • Managing test results
  • Treatments of the object repository
  • Configuration logs
  • Writing Test Cases Rules
  • Reporting practices and test results

Test Automation Framework Advantages

Let’s take a look at a quick example. Assume you’re a part of a five-person research squad. If you each compose the automation script using your method, you’ll end up with a different coding style. Furthermore, the whole team will be unable to use shared code and scripts. Test automation systems come into the picture here.

As a result, you can

  • Create a standard for testers that is universal.
  • Improve the speed of the test.
  • Test code can quickly be maintained.
  • Human error can be eliminated.
  • Effectively test the app.
  • Ensure the testing and implementation are done continuously.
  • Time, effort, and resources will all be saved when using this method.

So, when designed and implemented correctly, test automation systems provide frequent and consistent automatic test code.

Test Automation Frameworks of Various Types

  • Framework for linear automation

It’s a simple test automation system that works linearly with “Record and Playback.” The development and execution of test scripts for each test case performed separately in this form of framework. The tester logs each stage, such as navigation, user feedback, or checkpoints, and then runs the script to perform the test in order from beginning to end. Typically, this framework is used to test small applications.

  • Framework Based on Data
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When automating or evaluating some program, you can find yourself testing the same feature several times with different input details. We can’t insert test details in the test script itself in these situations. The Data-Driven Testing Framework enables users to differentiate between the test script’s logic and the test data. External storage facilities such as Microsoft Access Tables, Microsoft Excel Sheets, SQL Databases, and XML files are used to store test data.

  • The keyword-driven framework

In several cases, the data-driven testing framework is an extension of this one. It separates test data from scripts and saves a subset of the test script’s code in an additional data file. We’ll use a table style to define keywords or action words for each of the processes we’ll operate.

Once you’ve set up the table, all you have to do now is write the code that will perform the required action when the keywords are entered.

  • Framework for modular testing

This paradigm is built on Abstraction, which is a well-known OOPs concept. The testers break down the whole program into logical, separate modules. After that, each component gets its test script, which is then merged to produce more extensive tests in a hierarchical order.

  • Testing Framework for Library Architecture

This architecture is built on the modular framework, but it comes with a few additional features. We divide the application into typical roles for other aspects of the application instead of test scripts. These functions are then saved in a library that test scripts will use if they need them.

  • Framework for hybrid testing
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The framework for hybrid testing, as its name implies, combines many of the systems. The significant part of this setup is that it takes advantage of all of the linked frameworks’ benefits. This framework has a functionality that would be able to meet the requirements. You can select and choose which features of each framework are more useful to you.


There are a few of the most commonly employed frameworks for test automation. The experience of a company’s requirements and testing teams in using the right automation tools eventually determines how it chooses among them.

The organization’s preference for a software testing framework has been consistent over time. And switching frameworks in the middle of a project is complex for testers to adjust to, slowing down the application development process. Spending adequate time at the start to pick the best potential framework for you is a wise decision.

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