In today’s economy, computer networks are critical to almost any business organization, whether it’s a large or small business. As an integral part of the business sometimes even the product itself computer networks require a dedicated employee or more staff to manage the day-to-day operation of the network. This is where the system administrator and Security Administrator comes into play.
Our dependence on computer networks is only stronger, so the information stored in them can be invaluable. Security administrators are workers who test, protect, and secure hardware, software, and increasingly data from computer networks. As a result, security becomes increasingly critical, especially at a time when individuals and sovereign states are threatening cybersecurity attacks.
This article converses the roles, what do system administrators do and security administrators. Although the names and jobs are similar, there are significant differences in these administrative roles related to IT.
Roles and responsibilities
As their responsibilities focus on day-to-day networking, system administrators are entrusted with a variety of computer tasks: organizing, installing and supporting computer systems, including local area network (LAN), large area network (WAN), and network segments, Intranets and other data communication systems.
Other values, such as runtime, performance, resources, and security, can help a system administrator determine if the system meets user demands in the organization’s budget.
The responsibilities of a system administrator may include
· Anticipating the needs of the network and IT systems prior to configuration
· Installation of network hardware and software
· Ensuring and implementing timely updates and repairs
· Maintaining network and computer system security
· Understand and resolve problems when automatic alerts are displayed
· Data collection for evaluation and optimization of performance
· Add and assign network users and permissions as set by the organization
· Training users in the proper management of hardware and software
· Colleagues and reporting
· A system administrator is probably reporting to an IT department head.
Unlike some IT roles, sysadmins have a unique responsibility to communicate with colleagues inside and outside the IT team and to resolve issues. Because a system administrator solves problems for all users and trains them, even for non-IT staff, communication is essential.
The requirements for the System Administrator workplace
Some companies may require a system administrator to hold a bachelor’s degree in a computer-related field. However, some companies may only require a post-secondary diploma.
Special training and certification, as well as practical experience, can strengthen an applicant’s position, especially if he/she has not obtained a BS. Microsoft and Cisco provide common training and certification courses for system administrators.
Beyond formal education, powerful system administrators also have some important skills, including analysis, communication, multitasking and problem-solving skills.
System Administrator Perspective
The US Department of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimates that the employment of system administrators will increase by 8 per cent by 2024 – the average growth rate of all national occupations. This forecast is based on companies investing in newer technologies and more and more on mobile networks. The healthcare industry and companies that resort to cloud computing are likely to drive this growth.
Security administrator Roles and responsibilities
When a system administrator knows many areas of IT, a security administrator specializes in computer and network security
In general, computer security also referred to as IT security or cybersecurity, involves the protection of computer systems and networks from theft and/or corruption of hardware, software or information. This also includes the prevention of disruption or mismanagement of these services.
This should include knowledge of certain security devices such as firewalls, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi and the Internet as a whole. It also includes general security measures and the ability to keep abreast of new developments in the security sector.
The specific role and responsibilities of a security administrator may include:
· Monitor networks for security breaches and commit violations as they occur
· Develop and support security standards, best practices, preventive measures and emergency plans
· Performing penetration tests (simulating cyber attacks to find vulnerabilities before others can find them)
· Reporting security breaches to users, if necessary, and senior management
· Implementation and updating of information protection software
· Keep up to date with IT security trends and information
· Recommends security enhancements to C-Suite managers and managers
· Colleagues and reporting
· Because of the need for network and data security, security managers often report directly to senior management, which may be a CIO or CTO.
Security administrators often work with sysadmins to make new network changes for security.
The requirements for the workplace
Security administrators must have at least a bachelor’s degree in computer science, programming or a similar subject. Some companies prefer to hire candidates with MS in computer systems or MBA in computer systems.
Also, companies often prefer candidates who are certified in certain security areas. A current certificate is the Security Professional of Certified Information Systems. Other documents emphasis on more specific areas, such as Eg system checks or penetration tests.
Employment skills are just as essential to formal education. Candidates must be detail-oriented and analytical, as vulnerabilities are often tiny and it is difficult to identify parts of the program or the network. Problem solving and communication skills are required, especially if you are training or helping colleagues without IT skills.
The BLS expects a significant increase in the role of the security manager. It is predicted that the industry will grow by 18 per cent by 2024, a vital 10 percentage points above the average of all jobs across the country. As our economy relies additional on hardware on software and information on its need for protection grow exponentially.