Acute Appendicitis: 3 Steps of Diagnosis and Treatment

Acute appendicitis is an infection of the appendix – the 3 ½-inch-long pouches of tissue connected to the large intestine on the lower right side of the belly. If left untreated, acute appendicitis can lead to the rupture of the appendix, which allows infectious material to migrate into the abdominal cavity, which contains vital organs such as the liver, pancreas, and intestines.

This is a life-threatening situation that must be treated as soon as possible with antibiotics and the removal of the infected appendix, among other measures. In the case of acute appendicitis, an appendectomy (surgical to remove the appendix), also known as an appendectomy, is the most commonly used therapeutic option.

Acute Appendicitis

While the appendix may play a role in the immune system of early childhood, it has no known function in adults and can be removed during an appendectomy without causing any harm.

Warning Signs of Acute Appendicitis

Appendicitis is characterized by the rapid onset of its signs and symptoms, which typically begin with abdominal (stomach) pain. Given the fact that acute appendicitis can result in a ruptured appendix within 24 to 72 hours, it is critical to seek medical assistance as soon as symptoms manifest themselves.

The following are the most common early warning signs

Pain in the upper abdomen or at the navel that begins dull and becomes sharper as it progresses to the lower right-hand side of the body is described as Although this is the most prevalent area for pain, it can also occur in other parts of the abdomen.

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Movement frequently makes the pain worse. Reach out to the best hospital to undergo medical treatment for acute appendicitis at the right time.

  • Appetite loss
  • Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms.
  • Fever and chills
  • Constipation, diarrhoea or alternating periods of both
  • Bloating

Signs of Acute Appendicitis in children

  • Behavioural problems
  • Bloated or swollen belly in younger children

If the pain spreads throughout the abdomen, the appendix may have ruptured. This is referred to as ruptured appendicitis by doctors, and it is a serious condition. Another symptom of a ruptured appendix is a high temperature that can reach 104°F (40°C).

If you suspect your child may be suffering from appendicitis, call your doctor immediately. The earlier it is discovered, the more straightforward the appendicitis treatment will be.

Diagnosis of acute appendicitis

Your child’s healthcare professional will conduct a health history and physical examination on him or her. In addition, the provider may order certain tests, such as:

Physical examination

Your doctor may apply gentle pressure to the uncomfortable spot. It is common for appendicitis pain to become worse when pressure is suddenly relieved, indicating that the peritoneum next to the appendix is inflamed.

Your doctor may also examine for abdominal tightness and a tendency for you to tense your abdominal muscles in reaction to pressure applied to the inflamed appendix by a healthcare professional (guarding).

Your doctor may inspect your lower rectum with a gloved finger that has been greased (digital rectal exam). Women of childbearing age may be subjected to a pelvic exam to rule out any gynaecological issues that could be the source of their discomfort.

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Abdominal ultrasound

In this imaging procedure, high-frequency sound waves are used in conjunction with a computer to create images of blood arteries, tissues, and organs in the body. It is used to observe the functioning of interior organs.

Blood Sample Examination

These examinations look for signs of infection and inflammation. Other abdominal organs, such as the liver and pancreas, can also be examined to determine whether there are any issues present.

Urine Test

If you have a bladder or kidney infection, this test can tell you if you have appendicitis, which can have some of the same symptoms as appendicitis.

Treatment of Acute Appendicitis

The best appendicitis treatment will be determined by your child’s symptoms, age, and overall health. Appendicitis is a medical emergency that necessitates rapid medical intervention. The appendix may likely rupture, resulting in a serious and potentially fatal infection.

Therefore, your child’s doctor will likely recommend that your child have surgery to remove the appendix to alleviate the symptoms. Before the surgery, your kid may be given antibiotics and fluids through an IV to keep him or her comfortable.

The most common therapy for appendicitis is the surgical removal of the affected appendix. However, for certain children, antibiotics may be prescribed instead of surgery by their healthcare professional. Treat Pa offers the Best Appendicitis hospital in Thrissur with advanced facilities.

There are two methods for removing the appendix

Open or Traditional Surgery

Anaesthesia is administered to your youngster. It is necessary to make a cut or incision in the lower right-hand side of the abdomen. The appendix is discovered and removed by the surgeon. It is possible to have a tiny tube (or shunt) put in the abdomen to drain pus and other fluids from the stomach if the appendix has burst.

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The shunt will be removed in a few days after the surgeon has determined that the infection has been eradicated. In Cochin, Treat Pa offers the Best Appendicitis hospital in Cochin, reach out today to get the best treatment.

Laparoscopic Surgery:

Anaesthesia is administered to your youngster. A laparoscope, which is a camera that looks within the abdomen, is used in conjunction with a few small incisions to perform this procedure. The surgical instruments are introduced into the body through one or more tiny incisions.

The laparoscope is introduced into the body through a second incision. The use of this procedure is not recommended if the appendix has already ruptured. These procedures can help in treating acute appendicitis without any complications.

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