Prostate Cancer: 5 Factors Every Man Should Know
Prostate cancer, also called prostatectomy, is cancer that takes place in the prostate gland. The prostate gland is an organ that is shaped like a walnut-sized gland in men that produces the prostate fluid that transports and nourishes sperm. Prostate cancer accounts for nearly 40% of all cancers reported in men.
It also accounts for approximately 5% of all prostate cancers which is the second most common form of cancer in men. There are several indications of prostate cancer that should not be dismissed. The prostate cancer symptoms that may occur in an afflicted man are similar to those that other men experience.
It accounts for roughly half of all prostate malignancies diagnosed in men between the ages of 50 and 70. Prostate malignancy can have many different causes and there is not one specific cause of prostate cancer. Though, there are no specific warning signs of prostate cancer.
Most symptoms are non-specific and occur as part of the process of normal body functions. Prostate tumours are very small and usually remain undiagnosed until they begin to grow and cause problems. Although prostate cancer does not typically affect people outside of the working class, some health concerns do exist for some groups of people.
The risk factors for this disease may include:
- Family history of the disease
- Old age
- Being married and having a minority status in a country where it is more prevalent
Black people are significantly more likely than white people to have this disease, and men of the black race are more likely to die from this disease than men of any other race. Prostate cancer has been shown to be influenced by a number of factors.
The most obvious is age. Men who are older at the time they are diagnosed with this condition have been found to have a poor diet and to suffer from a variety of other health problems. Other factors that have been linked to prostate cancer include heredity, the use of tobacco, and a poor diet. One of the best ways to improve your chances of staying healthy and surviving is to follow a healthy diet on a regular basis.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
There are some distinct differences between symptoms that will indicate that you have it and those that do not. One thing that you should be aware of is that some of the symptoms may point to other conditions as well. These signs and symptoms can be subtle or they can be more obvious.
For example, when there is an increased risk of urinating during the night or if you ejaculate more frequently than usual, this could indicate that you have kidney problems or that you have bladder issues. A general increase in body pain, particularly around the scrotum and testicles, is another sign that you should see your doctor.
While most of these conditions are not serious, you should see your doctor immediately if you have any of them. If you have difficulty urinating, there are several other symptoms that may cause signs of prostate cancer. One of the first signs is difficulty starting urination.
This problem can also mean that you are having problems getting rid of urine and that you are experiencing urinary tract infections. If you have blood in your urine, it can indicate that there is fluid in your prostate and this fluid may be cancerous as well.
In addition to experiencing trouble urinating, you may also experience pain when you urinate and you may notice blood in your semen. Other causes for difficulty in starting urination may be enlarged prostates or prostate pockets, caused by the spreading of a tumour onto these structures.
As with other parts of the body, prostate pockets that enlarge and cause increased pressure in the bladder area will cause greater difficulties with urination.
Other Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Other symptoms that may indicate the presence of prostate cancer include swelling in the abdomen or lower back. This can occur in the area where the prostate gland is located, which means that it can also extend into the upper thighs or the buttocks.
Another sign that is very similar to prostate cancer but which has spread to other areas of the body is a lump in one of the breasts. Many people who have this type of lump will be surprised to find out that it is prostate cancer and may even have it treated without having any tests done.
Prostate enlargement or pain is another Prostate Cancer Symptom
Occasionally, enlarged prostate glands can be felt through clothing. In advanced cases, enlarged glands can be detected during a physical examination. If there is a tumour, it will likely be felt as well. If the tissue around the gland is tender, it is also possible that a tumour is present.
Some of the signs and symptoms of prostate gland disease that can be observed during a physical examination are blood in urine, either gross (is visible) or microscopic. A palpable lump in the groin or at the base of the tailbone is another indication of a growing tumour.
Unexplained prostration is also another sign that a tumour could be pressing against the bladder.
These signs and symptoms should prompt a trip to the doctor
Men who have a family history of prostate cancer or a family history of other prostate diseases, such as leukaemia, are at a greater risk than men without a family history. If one or both of a male’s parents have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, there is a greater chance that he may be diagnosed with this disease as well.
If a male child has had breast cancer, his chances of having prostate cancer are increased as are those of a boy who has had vaginal intercourse. Boys who have an undiagnosed family history of these cancers are at a higher risk than those who do not.
If you have a family history of breast cancer or blood clotting, you may have a higher risk of developing either condition and you should learn about your family history to find out exactly what the risk factors are.
Prostate Cancer Rsik Factor
There are a few factors that are associated with a higher risk for prostate cancer
- If you smoke, you have increased your risk, as does a man who has had prostate cancer or a man who drinks heavily.
- Age is also a factor, particularly for African-American men, because the prostate gland grows faster in men older than 50.
- If you have a family member who has had prostate cancer or any other cancers of the reproductive organs, you increase your risk.
- You may also be at greater risk if you have kidney disease, high blood pressure, a history of sexually transmitted diseases, or diabetes.
No matter what it is, prostate cancer can be cured if it is caught early enough and treatment options include
- Hormonal therapy
- Alternative treatments like acupuncture, herbs, and meditation.
Prostate tumours grow more slowly in males than in females. However, they are no more common in elderly males. The cause of this is unknown, but there are many theories. Some say it may have to do with genetics and others say it has to do with the immune system.
Prostate Cancer Treatments
The signs and symptoms may cause a person to seek medical attention. If these symptoms are present, a doctor should be seen promptly to ensure that there are no complications. There are several different methods that can be used to detect prostate cancer, including
- Digital rectal exams
- Abdominal CT scans
- Ultrasound prostate exams
If a patient observes any abnormal signs or symptoms, it is important to see a doctor immediately to ensure that these are not the symptoms of another condition. You should make a visit to your doctor if you notice any Prostate Cancer symptoms.
The earlier you notice it, the more likely you can catch it before it develops. Unfortunately, many cases don’t show up until later in life and often prostate cancer may not develop for years. You need to make sure that you have a yearly exam just as you would for any other health issues, so you can catch any potential problems early.
Depending on each case, treatment options for men with prostate cancer include
- Observation or Active Surveillance for Prostate Cancer
- Surgery for Prostate Cancer
- Chemotherapy for Prostate Cancer
- Immunotherapy for Prostate Cancer
- Targeted Therapy for Prostate Cancer
- Treatments for Prostate Cancer that Spread to the Bones
- Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer
- Cryotherapy for Prostate Cancer
- Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer
The main types of doctors who can treat prostate cancer include
- Urologist: A surgeon who treat diseases of the urinary system and male reproductive system (including the prostate)
- Radiation oncologist: A doctor who treats cancer with radiation therapy
- Medical oncologist: A doctor who treats cancer with medicines such as chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy
Though, many other specialists may be involved in the patient’s care as well, including
- Nurse practitioners
- Social workers
- Rehabilitation specialists, and other health professionals.
It is important to discuss all your treatment options, including their goals and possible side effects, with your doctors to help make the decision that best fits your needs. You may feel that you must make a decision quickly, but it’s important to give yourself time to absorb the information you have just learned.
Ask questions if there is anything you’re not sure about. If time permits, it is often a good idea to seek a second opinion. A second opinion can give you more information and help you feel more confident about the treatment plan you choose.
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