Multilobar Pneumonia Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Multilobar Pneumonia is a severe and often fatal pulmonary infection, caused by bacteria that become resistant to the normal antibiotics used in the treatment of other conditions, resulting in infections of varying severity. The name ‘multilobar pneumonia’ derives from the fact that the infection affects the lungs and also causes sepsis – a condition of acute inflammation.
The lungs become infected through breathing in an aerosol spray (e.g. dust particles) containing the bacteria. The bacteria move from the lungs to other parts of the body via the bloodstream, skin, and other mucous membranes. In the lungs, multilobar pneumonia causes inflammation and damage to the alveoli – the air sacs that supply oxygen to the lungs.
Multilobar Pneumonia symptoms include
- Wheezing, with the potential for serious lung inflammation occurring as a result of long-term infection
- Chest pain when you breathe or cough
- Confusion or changes in mental awareness (in adults age 65 and older)
- Cough, which may produce phlegm
- Fever, sweating and shaking chills
- Lower body temperature (in adults older than age 65 and people with weak immune systems)
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea
- Shortness of breath
There are several classifications of multilobar pneumonia, based on their respective modes of progression. The most common form of multilobar pneumonia is interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), associated with chronic bacterial infection (chronic bronchitis), in which the lungs become infected through the inhalation of bacteria.
Multilobar Pneumonia Causes
This is the most common cause of death in patients with underlying cardiovascular illness, such as
- Congestive heart failure
- Heart valve disease or hyperparathyroidism
It is a leading cause of disability and all-cause mortality in patients with acute liver disease, kidney disease or chronic liver inflammation. Although the exact mechanisms involved in causing this disease remain unclear, the genetic architecture of such infections is broadly similar to Hepatitis B and C viruses.
Multilobar Pneumonia symptoms also include an increased load of bacteria in the pleura of the lungs (due to mucus production), with the simultaneous onset of allergic symptoms in a majority of patients with this condition. The most common symptoms include
- Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
- Chest tightness and breathlessness
With many patients, also experiencing
- Night sweats
- Generalized fatigue
This is atypical pulmonary bacterial pneumonia caused by interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and although this condition can be life-threatening, with a survival rate of approximately 10%, the morbidity rate is low.
Acute Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis (AIPF) is caused by the inhalation of bacteria in the pleura of the lungs (due to mucus secretion). This is the most common cause of death and disability in those with AIPF, with a five-year survival rate of approximately 80%.
Unfortunately, it is not a curable condition, and those with this disease are subject to chronic recurrent infections. This group includes infants, children, elderly people and HIV/AIDS patients. Acute aspiration pneumonia is the first stage of infection and is often associated with drug-induced hepatitis.
Multilobar pneumonia has a high mortality rate
Of those patients who have died, about half were not properly treated for their condition, and the rest died due to other causes. Because of the very poor prognosis of this condition, patients have often been prescribed a series of antibiotics for life, with very little hope of recovery.
As such many of these patients’ friends and families try to encourage them to pursue aggressive treatment, but many find the lack of focus from physicians as well as lack of energy and time to pursue a meaningful course of treatment compelling.
A more common type of multilobar pneumonia is acute-onset multilobar pneumonia (AOM), which occurs after a patient first suffers a septic episode and then develops either atrial septal defect (ASD) or pleural effusion (PE), also known as upper airway inflammation.
In the case of acute-onset multilobar pneumonia, there is an initial period of flu-like symptoms, such as cough, sore throat, wheezing, difficulty breathing and dyspnea, before the condition develops. However, if the sepsis develops, symptoms worsen and become much more pronounced, eventually resulting in dyspnea, apnea and even pneumonia.
A symptom that is unique to acute-onset multilobar pneumonia is the presence of large, dark particles or material within the lungs. These can vary in size from relatively small to the size of a pea. There are three main types of community-acquired pneumonia: community-acquired pneumonia due to mucous secretions, interstitial pneumonia caused by bacteria, and dysentery-related pneumonia.
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is mostly caused by people with HIV/AIDS, in whom the immune system’s reaction to a variety of toxins reduces the level of protective antibodies, making individuals more vulnerable to opportunistic infections.
Common causes of dysentery-related community-acquired pneumonia include shingles, minor allergies and medications. Interstitial pneumonia is caused by bacteria that enter through the skin folds, such as herpes, and frequently involve injuries from falls and street abuse.
Multilobar pneumoniae represent an excellent choice for coverage against anyone or several of the above-mentioned diseases. They are particularly effective in the treatment of those with both HIV and Hepatitis C, as well as those with pulmonary atypical coverage.
For individuals without a history of these or other infections, they are a great preventive measure against complications from common causes of illness. Multilobar pneumoniae represent an excellent choice for all groups, as they are highly effective against most forms of illness. If you or a loved one have questions about multilobar pneumoniae coverage, contact a qualified representative immediately.
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