The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has made a pledge to use all the appropriate tools in her disposal to combat the weakest the global economy in a decade, but there was little evidence of progress in easing trade tensions, a major source of the slowdown.
The IMF policy-setting committee for the 189 nation member in a closing statement during the Development Committee plenary at the World Bank/IMF Annual Meetings in Washington, on Saturday, Oct. 19 that growth should accelerate next year. The officials acknowledged that a range of factors could undermine that forecast, including continued trade fights and increased geopolitical risks.
“We recognize the need to resolve trade tensions and support the necessary reform of the World Trade Organization,” the statement said. It did not detail ways to accomplish that.
There was also no sign that the IMF discussions on the sidelines of the meetings had produced any breakthrough in the trade disputes initiated by President Donald Trump as part of his get-tough approach to stronger enforcement of U.S. trade laws to lower America’s huge trade deficits.
Steven Mnuchin, the Treasury Secretary in remarks to the IMF committee, said the administration’s goal was to prepare “a foundation for future growth through fairer trade deals.”
The Treasury Secretary said negotiations last week between the United States and China, the world’s two biggest economies, had achieved “substantial progress” on phase one of a trade deal to resolve the U.S. claims that China is stealing intellectual property.
While Trump suspended a tariff increase on $250 billion of Chinese products that had been scheduled to take effect this past week, few specifics about that agreement have come out. U.S. officials said negotiations to wrap up those details are underway.
The International Monetary Fund managing director, Kristalina Georgieva, said the threat from trade wars was a chief point of discussion for finance officials on how to tackle the global economic crisis
Kristalina Georgieva said the International Monetary Fund has estimated that the tariffs already imposed or threatened could shave 0.8% off global growth by the end of next year. Much of that stems from the fallout on business confidence.
In trade wars, “everybody loses,” she said. “Policymakers ought to take very seriously their obligations to international cooperation in trade.”
David Malpass, the World Bank’s president said this week’s finance discussions had focused on how to address multiple challenges. “Global economic growth is slowing, investment is sluggish, manufacturing activity is soft and trade is weakening,” he said. “Climate change and fragility are making poor countries more vulnerable.
The World Bank was committed to helping to address these challenges to provide a better life for the 700 million people in the world living in extreme poverty. The International Monetary Fund in an updated economic outlook, projected the global economy would expand by 3% this year, the weakest in a decade, and said 90 per cent of the world was experiencing a downshift in growth.
IMF forecast growth will accelerate slightly to 3.4% in 2020, still below the 3.6% rate in 2018. Jubilee USA, a religious organization fighting global poverty, said in a statement that while the IMF outlined a number of serious threats, the recommendations for dealing with them fell short.
“Risky investing, trade tensions and developing countries borrowing too much are serious concerns for the global economy financial stability,” said Eric LeCompte, the group’s executive director
The Trump trade policies were a prime topic of discussion at the meetings, finance officials, for the most part, avoided direct criticism of the American president.
Christine Lagarde, who dealt with the Trump administration during her last three years as head of the IMF, was a bit more direct in an interview to be broadcast Sunday on CBS’s “60 Minutes.”
She said the Trump’s trade war with China would give the global economy “a big haircut” and should be resolved by having all parties “sit down like big men, many men in those rooms and put everything on the table, and try to deal bit by bit, piece by piece, so that we have certainty.”
Christine Lagarde is scheduled to take over on Nov. 1 as the head of the European Central Bank, which manages monetary policy for the 19 countries who use the euro currency.