You might wonder if ICT and computer science are the same things if you are considering a career in ICT or computer science. But do they really mean the same thing? Not quite. While they share many similarities, each discipline is different.
ICT isn’t just about computers. It is a broad discipline that examines how digital information is transmitted. Contrary to IT, which focuses only on hardware and how computers process data, computer science is focused on theory and programming.
These computer science and ICT courses are available at bachelor’s level
- Bachelor of Computer Science
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Bioinformatics).
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Computational Science).
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Computer Network and Security).
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Cyber Security).
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Data Engineering).
- Bachelor of Computer Science in Data Science
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Games & Interactive Media).
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Graphics & Multimedia Software).
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Information Systems).
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Intelligent Systems).
- Interactive Software Technology Bachelor of Computer Science
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Software Engineering).
- Bachelor of Computer Science (Systems and Networking).
- BSc Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence
- BSc in Computer Science and a Specialism In Data Analytics
- BSc in Computer Science and a Specialism in Digital Forensics
- Bachelor of Business Informatics
- Master of Engineering in Microelectronic Engineering
- Bachelor of Information and Communications Technology
- Bachelor of Information Technology/ICT
- Bachelor of Multimedia/Multimedia & Digital Arts
- Bachelor of Science in Games Software Design and Production
- Bachelor of Internet Science and Technology
- Bachelor of Science in Software Engineering
- Bachelor of Science in Information Systems
Below is a list of careers that are grouped by their respective roles. Note that many job roles overlap. As such, don’t rely solely on the job title to decide what tasks you will be performing in a given setting. To find the right job, it is a good idea to research different industries and organisations to learn about their job titles and what tasks they require.
- Analyst in business
- Analyst in business systems
- Planner for business systems
- Analyst in computer systems
- Analyst of databases
- Analyst in information security
- Analyst in systems administration
- Analyst for testing
- Programmer for application
- Computer animator
- Developer of data warehouse
- Database developer
- Developer/ Applications programmer
- Programmer for eCommerce
- Designer and developer of games
- Multimedia developer
- Network analyst
- Senior programmer
- Software developer
- Software programmer
- Programmer for systems
- Web programmer
Manager of development
Manager of eCommerce projects
Manager Information Systems
Manager of IT projects
Leader of the team
Technical development manager
- EDP auditor
- Analyst for Quality Assurance
- Qualitative leadership
- Expert in quality
Computer hardware engineer
Computer service engineer
Computer systems engineer
Hardware design engineer
Tech support engineer
Engineer in Telecommunications
Other computer specialist roles
- Communications specialist
- Computer network architect
- Scientists in computer and information research
- Data modeller
- Design specialist
- Research and Development (R&D), Design Technician/ Specialist
- Desktop publisher
- eCommerce architect
- eLearning coordinator
- Specialist in geographic information
- Instructional designer
- The administrator of Intranet/Internet
- Specialist in knowledge management
- The administrator of the network
- Network designer
- Security specialist
- Software architect
- Solutions architect
- Administrator of systems
- Technical implementer
- Technical installer
- Technical writer/documenter
- Web administrator
- Web architect
- Web designer
Technical support and end-user roles
- The operator of the computer
- Computer systems officer
- Customer engineer
- The administrator of the database
- Hardware technician
- The operator of the Helpdesk
- ICT trainer/ educator
- Service/Repair engineer
Marketing and sales
- Manager of accounts
- After-sales consultant
- Marketing manager for computer sales
- Manager, Contracts Administration
- Customer contact centre operator
- Customer training officer
- Pre-sales consultant
- Post-sales consultant
Now that you have an idea of the different occupations in computer science, ICT, and IT, you can start to look at the skills that you will need. This field is constantly changing so it’s important to stay up-to-date with new technologies like operating systems, languages, and networking systems.
- .Net Technologies
- Data Warehousing
General Application Development/Software
- COBOL (legacy system)
- Java Script
- Lotus Notes
- Microsoft SQL Server
- Sybase SQL Server
Internet, Networking / LAN/WAN
- Advanced Web Design
- Oracle E-Business Suite
Process and Systems Management
- Broad Commercial Business Understanding
- Project Management
- Systems Analysis
- CISSP (Certified Information Systems Security Professional).
- eCommerce Security (non-programming).
- Network Security/Firewall/Internet Security
- Risk Management
Geographical Information Systems
- Test Analysis – VAT and SIT
- Ingress (database).
Computer science, ICT and IT courses
Next, choose the course that will give you the skills to pursue your career in computer science, ICT and IT. Talk to your school counsellor if you aren’t sure or contact any course advisors at any higher education institutions. These are the computing courses offered by these institutions at both bachelor and diploma levels.
Visit the Graduate Careers Australia website for more Careers in Information and Communications Technology
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