Going for an IVF treatment can be an exciting and nerve-wracking experience for the couple. The fact is that this process is pursued only when one fails to get results through other fertility treatments. It may be the case that you are trying to conceive for several months or, sometimes, for several years.
But sometimes things are different, and there is no other option other than starting with IVF treatment, like:
- When the use of egg donors is done
- When the need for a surrogate is there
- When there are critical issues of male infertility
- When a female’s fallopian tubes are completely blocked
This article outlined the 8-step IVF treatment process that helps you understand this fertility treatment in detail.
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Your First Day of The Period
The day on which the IVF treatment cycle will begin will be the 1st day of the period. Every woman’s body is different, and it will be the responsibility of the IVF specialist to let the prospective mother understand how to diagnose the first day of the IVF treatment.
Ovaries Stimulation Process Starts
The ovaries stimulate one egg in a cycle. The specialist will give medications for 8 to 14 days to stimulate the ovary to produce more than one egg. Medicine is given in the form of injections.
The hormones present in the injections are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). The specialist will do a follicular monitoring test to monitor the follicular development through ultrasound, and trigged injection will be used to collect eggs on time.
For a better understanding, we have defined what exactly Follicular Monitoring is???
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It is the process of watching or monitoring the series of ultrasounds of the ovarian follicles to evaluate for egg’s mutation and reporting the path to ovulation. The follicular monitoring test is an indispensable part of IVF assessment and timing, as it also checks for follicular cysts in ovaries.
If you are still confused, then don’t worry, read what to ask from infertility doctors?
Retrieval Of Egg
The eggs will be collected from ovaries and sent for Egg freezing until the time fertilization is done. The patient will stay asleep when the procedure is done. It will take 20-30 minutes.
The Sperm Collection
If you are planning to use the sperm of your partner for the process, then the fresh sample will be collected on the morning of the day of egg collection. If you are looking for donor sperm that will be made ready for fertilization in the lab. The fresh sperms of the partner will be washed, and only the healthy sperms will be used for the process.
The IVF expert will hand over the eggs to the embryologist, which are retrieved and still in the fluid. The embryologist will make use of powerful microscopes to check the eggs in the fluid before the same is removed. Eggs need to be fertilized fast. Both eggs and sperm will be placed together in a lab dish. They will match each other naturally, just as they do inside the female body.
When the sperms fertilize with eggs, it turns into embryos; once formed, it is moved into an incubator where the growth of the embryos is monitored. A perfect surrounding is created using amino acids to let the embryo grow.
Monitoring is done for 5 to 6 days. IVF specialists and experienced embryologists consider 2- to 4-cell embryos on day 2 of fertilization and 6- to 8-cell embryos on the 3rd day from fertilization ideal for transfer. When the embryos are at the blastocyst stage, placing them in the uterus enhances the chance of successful pregnancy.
The prospecting mother will be intimated on the day of embryo transfer. The IVF candidate needs to make a full bladder, drinking enough water to prepare the uterus for transfer. The fertility specialist will place a catheter via the cervix and place it into your uterus with the help of an ultrasound. Placement needs to be made very carefully to make it stick properly.
After 2 weeks of embryo transfer, a blood test will be done to check hormone levels (HCG). The presence of this hormone in blood indicates a positive pregnancy test. Once pregnancy is confirmed, you will be referred to a gynaecologist for common pregnancy guidance and care till final delivery.
I hope you find this article useful to get the in-depth detail of IVF treatment.
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