6 Best Cross-Platform App Development Frameworks

Cross-platform app development is the creation of mobile applications compatible with multiple mobile operating systems. Initially, the complexity of developing mobile apps was compounded by the difficulty of building a backend that worked across multiple platforms.

In the modern world of technology, the consumer expects a seamless experience from their applications. Applications must now work on

  • Windows
  • Mac OS
  • Android
  • IOS

Thus, cross-platform app development presents a unique challenge to developers. The highest quality product might be created by writing code in the language native to each platform.

Cross-Platform App Development Frameworks

But having to write a platform twice over in two different languages is an extremely time-intensive process. Cross-platform app frameworks are developed to allow mobile app developers to use one framework to create an application that works on multiple platforms, reducing the Level of Effort (LOE) needed to create a multi-platform application.

If you’re wondering what’s the deal with cross-platform app development
How to build a successful app

Check out the top six cross-platform app development frameworks below.

React Native

The most popular and trusted mobile app development framework around is React Native. Popularity alone is a great reason to pick this cross-platform framework, as you’ll have more open-source community support and an easier time attracting other developers.

React Native has lightning-fast performance and low overhead costs due to high code reuse. React Native also benefits from being written in JavaScript. JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages in the world, meaning there is a large community of other developers working from JavaScript at all times.

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There’s nothing like Googling a problem and finding the answer quickly on Stack Overflow! One disadvantage of React Native is that its use still requires developers to have some knowledge of platform-native languages.

React Native is still faster than having to code an app in multiple native languages, but there could be delays in work if your developers don’t already know the basics of Swift/Kotlin.

Ionic

Ionic is an open-source front-end cross-platform app development framework that allows mobile app developers to alter the Ionic code to fit their use cases. Ionic is based on Angular JS (unlike React, which is built straight from Javascript).

Angular JS gives developers access to a large amount of HTML syntax, which can help developers create more attractive-looking features. The Ionic framework uses Cordova plugins that work with all the standard mobile APIs

  • Camera
  • GPS
  • The audio recorder, etc.

One disadvantage of Ionic is its performance lags slightly behind native OS languages. While the slight drop in performance may not be an issue for most apps, Ionic is not recommended for developing graphics-heavy applications such as 3D video games.

Flutter

Flutter allows mobile app developers to maintain the same UI and UI code across mobile platforms. It can make developers’ lives easier and promote a consistent brand for your mobile application. Flutter has a “hot reload” feature, which means that developers can instantly refresh their mobile app to see any changes they’ve made.

This feature makes development with Flutter extremely fast. Finally, Flutter allows custom UI and animation with the same nuance as OS-native languages. This flexibility allows for nuanced feature development.

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One disadvantage of Flutter is its age. Being a relatively new framework means that there aren’t a ton of existing libraries to work from, and developers may have to write libraries from scratch, which can be a big time-sink.

Xamarin

Xamarin is a leading free, open-source platform for building hybrid mobile apps. Xamarin-based solutions are compatible with any mobile platform and provide the same performance and user experience as native solutions.

Xamarin Cross-Platform App Development Frameworks

It is a popular Microsoft cross-platform app development framework that relies on the C# programming language complemented with the .NET framework. It is available under the MIT license as part of Visual Studio. Its development toolset includes the following components:

  • Xamarin Studio/Visual Studio (its IDE)
  • Xamarin SDKs
  • Xamarin Test Cloud
  • Xamarin.Mac to build native Mac apps.

Adobe PhoneGap

Adobe PhoneGap is an open-source, cross-platform app development framework distributed on the Cordova framework. It is usually regarded as the best and the most popular tool for hybrid solutions because of its ease of use. The mobile app development tool allows apps to be written in

  • HTML5
  • CSS3
  • JavaScript

Adobe PhoneGap provides native plugins and containers for each mobile platform enabling app developers to create more features and access device functionality, such as

  • Camera
  • Microphone
  • Accelerometer
  • Compass
  • File system, and more.

After the cross-platform app is created, the app can run in a WebView browser inside a native container on the relevant platform.

Sencha

Sencha is the leader in enterprise-grade application development, as this comprehensive platform helps teams focus on building applications, not on constructing a framework.

This mobile app development tool is based on modern web technologies, including

  • ES6
  • HTML5
  • JavaScript
  • CSS
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It helps developers in building data-intensive cross-platform web and mobile applications. It has a set of tools and themes that enhance productivity and facilitate optimization, deployment, design, theming, and debugging.

Conclusion

Since most companies are creating mobile versions of their business websites to remain competitive, cross-platform app development is the most suitable solution for businesses as it allows them to create reliable applications compatible with all customer devices efficiently.

You now know more about cross-platform app development frameworks that you can use to develop your perfect app that will run identically on several platforms. That will use platform-agnostic technologies such as HTML and CSS and helps business organization cover many end devices at lower costs.

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