The 5G network’s coverage to hit 25% by 2030. McKinsey has pointed out in the latest report that the wireless industry will invest heavily to promote 5G networks. But in the next 10 years, the first wave of 5G will not benefit most people. The Research Group, McKinsey predicts that the first round of the 5G networks deployment will cost $700-900billion, covering 25% of the global population by 2030.
This is the 5th generation wireless technology for digital cellular networks that began wide deployment in 2019. As with previous standards, the covered areas are divided into regions called “cells”, serviced by individual antennas. Virtually every major telecommunication service provider in the developed world is deploying antennas or intends to deploy them soon. The frequency spectrum is divided into millimetre waves, mid-band and low-band
Only people living in the rich and developed regions of the United States, China, and Europe will enjoy the 5G network. The 5G network download speed is 10 times faster than the existing 4G network. And the number of devices connected to each base station increases 100 times. Since 5G networks require expensive equipment, 5G networks will only cover specific areas in the foreseeable future.
There is a 5G network that is slower and lower in cost
Massive Machine-Type Communications (mMTC) would be used to connect to a large number of low power, low-cost devices, which have high scalability and increased battery lifetime, in a wide area. The technology will connect some of the 50 billion connected IoT devices. Most will use the less expensive WiFi. Drones will aid in disaster recovery efforts, providing real-time data for emergency responders.
Smart cities will monitor air and water quality through millions of sensors, giving them insights needed to provide a better quality of life. Most cars will have a 4G or 5G cellular connection for many services. Autonomous cars do not require 5G, as they have to be able to operate where they do not have a network connection. While remote surgeries have been performed over 5G, most remote surgery will be performed in facilities with a fibre connection, usually faster and more reliable than any wireless connection.
It uses the same radio frequency band as 4G. By 2030, this 5G network will cover 80 per cent of the world’s population and the construction cost is about $400-500billion. Although the speed of this 5G network is only a little faster than the existing 4G network. Since the base station can connect more devices, and the delay time when transmitting data is shortened, it still provides room for the development of new applications.
A report also said that before 2030, low-band and mid-band 5G networks will cover 80 per cent of the world’s population, the number of which is about seven billion. But the quality is different. McKinsey noted that as at today, 40 per cent of the world’s population does not have sufficient connectivity, and by 2030 the proportion will drop to 20 per cent. As a result, global gross domestic product (GDP), will increase by at least $1.5 to 2 trillion. And the total global GDP in 2018 will be about $85 trillion.
The research firm noted that different industries have different economic impacts of 5G. Just looking at the four areas of mobile, medical health, manufacturing, and retail, global GDP can increase by $1.5-2trillion by 2030. For example, it said that car accidents will decrease, telemedicine will become popular, and supply chain management will be optimised. The four major industries mentioned above account for 30 per cent of global GDP.
The report pointed out that another high-speed connection technology will be the protagonist. SpaceX and SoftBank’s OneWeb will find thousands of satellites in low-Earth orbit, covering the world with low-cost networks. Amazon also wants to join the internet space race through Project Kuiper.
“If LEO satellites are successfully deployed, they have the potential to change the game and almost erase the gap. Yet they remain a wild card and other barriers such as readiness and the affordability of devices and data plans would need to be addressed in addition to coverage,” the report stated. Culled from The Guardian